Glaucoma is an eye disease that damages the optic nerve, as the result of elevated eye pressure. If the eye’s drainage system is no longer capable of properly draining the intraocular fluid, the fluid inside the eye, this may result in increased eye pressure. The intraocular fluid feeds the lens and cornea, and it is not the same as tear fluid. In fact, it is something completely different.
The optic nerve passes images from the eye to the brains, but when it is damaged as a result of elevated eye pressure, this may affect your peripheral vision. This can also can also reduce your visual acuity. Once it has been damaged, the optic nerve can no longer be repaired, so it is important that you seek treatment for Glaucoma as soon as possible. This eye disease may even lead to permanent damage to your sense of sight, including black spots or even vision loss in a later stage. In the earlier stages, your peripheral vision will be affected and you may experience blurred vision, blind spots, or black spots. You will experience a kind of tunnel vision, as with Retinitis Pigmentosa, another eye disease. Later on, your sharpness of sight diminishes, extending to your central vision. Glaucoma usually occurs at an advanced aged, but you are also at increased risk of Glaucoma if members of your family have experienced it and if you have high blood pressure.
Treatment for Glaucoma
Once it has been damaged the optic nerve can no longer be repaired. So it is important that you seek treatment for the glaucoma eye disease as soon as possible. The only official treatment for Glaucoma is reducing eye pressure, which can be done through medication, laser treatment and surgery. Medication may include pills and ointment, but ophthalmologists will typically prescribe eye drops, which all aim to reduce eye pressure. Laser treatment is targeted at enlarging the drainage system, which allows the intraocular liquid to be drained more easily, causing the eye pressure to drop. If medication or laser treatment do not have the desired effect, the ophthalmologist will perform surgery to reduce eye pressure.
Diet and nutritional supplements to combat Glaucoma
Nutrition is also an important weapon against this eye disease, and many ophthalmologists who are also knowledgeable about food will recommend that you eat a lot of leafy greens. Spinach, which contains Lutein and Zeaxanthin, will often be at the top of the list. The body cannot produce these substances itself, but they are important for the eyes. Antioxidants, vitamin A, C, E and Zinc, a mineral, are also good for the eyes. Other healthy foods include cherries, tomatoes and blueberries. You can get most of these nutrients from you diet, but you can also ensure that you get enough nutrients by taking supplements. Just as some foods are very important, such as those mentioned above, there are some foods that are better to avoid. Avoid caffeine, for instance, as this can temporarily increase eye pressure. It is best, then, to not drink coffee. Food high in salt, sugar and calories can cause high blood pressure, which means it is not recommend.